Firearms -

Model 1816 Springfield Percussion Conversion
Item #: AA1772
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This is a Model 1816 Springfield musket from the Civil War era. The musket was originally a smooth bore .69 caliber flintlock weapon that was converted somewhere between 1848 and 1861. The type of conversion used is know as the "cone in barrel", a Belgian variation of the French system of converting flintlock to percussion weapons. In this style of conversion all external lock parts were removed and all holes in the lock plate plugged. The flashpan was cut off flush with the top of the lockplate. A nipple was added to the barrel and the hammer was replaced to coincide with the new percussion system. This converted musket measures 57 1/2" in length with a 42" barrel. The barrel has a decent bore, needs a good cleaning but is not pitted or heavily rusted. The exterior of the barrel has slight pitting and pin pricking at the breech end, mainly around the nipple. The remainder of the barrel has a smooth, pit free surface that exhibited a dull steel gray patina. The three barrel bands have a slightly darker reddish brown patina. The middle band has a sub inspectors stamp of S. The barrel has the top bayonet lug applied and the front sight is on the rear strap of the double strap front barrel band. The barrel stamps read from breech to muzzle V, eagle head and a P within a circle, all three strikes being crisp and very legible. Also stamped on the barrel are the letters H and O, the H being stamped perpendicular to the V, and the O in line and in front of the barrel tang. The barrel tang is dated 1827. The lockplate, hammer, trigger guard and butt plate all have the same patina as the barrel bands. The lockplate is marked SPRING/FIELD/1827 behind the hammer and has an eagle over the letters US forward of the hammer. The action is very crisp and the hammer holds both half and full cock. The hammer strikes the nipple strongly when the trigger is depressed. The trigger guard has rounded finials and is stamped with the letters SD and B. The rear sling swivel is still on the trigger guard bow, the front sling swivel on the middle barrel band. The side plate opposite the lockplate has the letter S stamped into it. The butt plate has the US markings on the tang, and the letter S at the toe. The button ramrod is still present and has the threaded portion still intact. The dark walnut stock is in very good condition. There are the usual bumps and dings from normal handling, and two stress cracks. One is to the rear of the lock approximately 1/4" long, the other is on the right stock comb that extends from the butt plate 3". There are two oval cartouches on the left stock flat that have two initials each, one also has the number 3. The bottom of the stock just forward of the trigger guard has a large letter F stamp and behind the guard what appear to be the number 20. This is a very nice example of an early military musket that could have seen service in the Mexican American war and then been converted for use in the American Civil War. It would make a fine addition to any Civil War long arms collection.